Sunday, September 14, 2014

Elephants

Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. Traditionally, two species are recognised, the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), although some evidence suggests that African bush elephants and African forest elephants are separate species (L. africana and L. cyclotis respectively). Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Male African elephants are the largest surviving terrestrial animals and can reach a height of 4 m (13 ft) and weigh 7,000 kg (15,000 lb). All elephants have several distinctive features the most notable of which is a long trunk or proboscis, used for many purposes, particularly breathing, lifting water and grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which can serve as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging. Elephants' large ear flaps help to control their body temperature. Their pillar-like legs can carry their great weight. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs.

Elephants are also herbivorous and can be found in different habitats including savannahs, forests, deserts and marshes. They prefer to stay near water.

La Caravane d'éléphants by cdolls

An African sunset by BoazImages

Le solitaire by happylou64

Tsavo Reflection.jpg by SteveMcN

elefantakia by poly_mnia

Elephants by decafinata

Untitled by Arnaud Tudoret

Elephant babies crossing the road, supervised by mum by cox-on-the-box - we have rain!

Elephants by saviorjosh

Elephants by thecaveofthedead

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