|Photo by by Guillermo|
First manufactured in Japan in 1976, the Canon AE-1 uses an electronically controlled, electromagnet horizontal cloth focal plane shutter, with a speed range of 2 to 1/1000 second plus Bulb and flash X-sync of 1/60th second. Most of the camera bodies are black with chrome trim, but some are all black.
After its introduction in 1976, the Canon AE-1 quickly became a very popular camera worldwide. Backed by a major advertising campaign, the AE-1 sold over one million units, which made it an unprecedented success in the SLR market. The AE-1 was replaced a few years later by the AE-1 Program.
The AE-1 has a Canon FD breech-lock lens mount and accepts any FD or New FD (FDn) lens. It is not compatible with Canon's later Canon EF lens mount, though adapters made by independent manufacturers can be found. Original FD lenses, introduced in 1971, did not rotate in the mounting process; instead, a locking ring at the base was turned to attach the lens. This was often criticised as being slower than the bayonet mounts of competing cameras.
Canonet G-III QL17
|Photo by Symon Chow|
The Canonet G-III QL17 is a coupled-rangefinder, leaf-shuttered, fixed-focal-length 35 mm camera first manufactured by Canon in 1972. It features fully shutter-priority automatic exposure and fully manual shooting modes.
The Canonet G-III is the third generation of Canonet, following the original Canonet and the New Canonet. The Canon website goes on to explain that the "G" stood for "grade up" in quality improvement, and the "III" for the third of the Canonet series. The G-III features a 40 mm f/1.7 with six elements in four groups. The integrated lightmeter provides shutter priority and manual modes. The sensor is located on the forward part of the lens, which allows use of filters without manual compensation of exposure. The Canonet can use standard flashes, or the Canonlite D which was custom-designed for the Canonet.
The Canonet G-III is one of the nicest of the '70s compact Rangefinder genre. It became a best-seller with over 1.2 million sold from 1972 to 1982.
|Photo by by Brian Bantog|
The Leica M6 is a rangefinder camera manufactured by Leica from 1984 to 1998. It's a successful model of Leica's famous M-series of rangefinder camera bodies for the Summicron lenses. Professional photographers prefer these cameras especially for usage with wide-angle lenses.
The M6 combines the silhouette of the Leica M3 with a modern, off-the-shutter light meter with no moving parts and LED arrows in the viewfinder. Informally referred to as the M6 "Classic" to distinguish it from the "M6 TTL" models, and to indicate its "Classic" M3 dimensions. The top and bottom plates were made from lighter, cheaper magnesium alloy rather than the heavier machined brass of the M3. The M6 and M6 TTL are mechanical cameras; all functions save the light meter work without batteries, unlike the succeeding M7, which needs electrical power to operate properly.
|Photo by Amarit Opassetthakul|
If you love Lomo's colors or its style "Don't think, Just shoot" then this compact point and shoot camera is your best choice. In 2005, production of the original Lomo LC-A was discontinued. Its replacement, the LC-A+, was introduced in 2006 and production moved to China. Some of the features include the Minitar 1 lens which gives it the shadowy vignetted look and the options for multiple and extended exposure.
The LC-A+ captures the hearts of Lomographers the world over with the same look and feel as the original LC-A, but with a whole host of new experimental features also thrown in. Whether you’re an analogue newcomer or a seasoned Lomographer, the LOMO LC-A+ is a must-have in any photographer’s arsenal.
|Photo by Daniel|
The Minolta X-700 is a 35 mm single-lens reflex film camera introduced by Minolta in 1981. It was the top model of their final manual-focus SLR series before the introduction of the auto-focus Minolta Maxxum 7000. It featured manual, aperture priority and programmed automatic exposure modes when used with MD lenses. MC lens could be used in aperture priority and manual modes. The body was made with a plastic frame and encased in metal. The shutter was a horizontally-travelling cloth shutter with a top speed of 1/1000 sec.
The X-700 was awarded the European "Camera of the Year" award in 1981, and its competitive pricing resulted in its becoming the most successful Minolta camera since the SRT line.
|Photo by Gábor Dobrocsi|
The Nikon F3 was Nikon's third professional single-lens reflex camera body, preceded by the F and F2. Introduced in 1980, it had manual and semi-automatic exposure control whereby the camera would select the correct shutter speed (aperture priority automation). The Nikon F3 series cameras had the most model variations of any Nikon F camera. It was also the first of numerous Nikon F-series cameras to be styled by Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro, and to include a red stripe on the handgrip – a feature that would later become (with variants of stripes and various other shapes) a signature feature of many Nikon cameras.
|Photo by Donald Poirier|
The Nikon FM, introduced in 1977, was constructed almost entirely from metal and used a mechanical shutter. It was manual-focus-only, with manual exposure control. Being mechanical the FM needs no batteries to operate. The metering system comprised a gallium-arsenide-phosphide photodiode that metered through-the-lens at maximum aperture. The FM utilized a modern titanium-bladed, vertical-travel focal plane shutter capable of speeds from 1 second to 1/1000 of a second, plus bulb. Flash X-sync was at speeds up to 1/125th second.
|Photo by Andreane Fraser|
The Olympus OM-1 is a manually operated 35 mm single-lens reflex camera forming the ground of the OM system introduced in 1972, at first called the Olympus M-1, Leica disputed this designation and it was changed to OM. It was designed by a team led by the late Yoshihisa Maitani with a through-the-lens exposure meter controlling a needle visible in the viewfinder. It was noted for its reduction of size, weight and noise. These features were essentially retained on later models. One feature unique to the OM1 compared to the rest of the OM system was its manual mirror lock-up making it ideal for astrophotography and macrophotography.
The OM-1 is an all-mechanical SLR. It has a very large viewfinder with interchangeable screens but a fixed prism. It also has a through-the-lens exposure meter controlling a needle visible in the viewfinder. It has a very compact body, essentially retained on later models. One novel feature was the decision to locate the shutter speed dial around the lens mount, rather than on the camera's top plate. A significant advantage of this layout is that the camera can remain at the eye far more easily, between shots, than some other SLRs, it also makes it far easier for "left-eyed" users and enables exposure values to be more rapidly adjusted as the shutter operates in the same plane (effectively around the lens) as the aperture ring. It also less fussy to use than a conventional shutter dial, and easy to sense what shutter speed is being set. With practice both aperture and shutter speed can be adjusted at the same time, made easier by their being reasonably close together but distinct in use.
Originally, the bottom plate needed to be modified to mount a motor drive on the OM-1. In 1974, Olympus launched the OM-1MD (MD standing for Motor Drive), to which a motor drive can be attached without need for modification. This new version has a small plate marked 'MD' on the front, and a small circular cover with a coin slot (covering the motor drive coupling) on the underside of the body.
|Photo by Justin|
K1000 is a 35mm film SLR camera made by Pentax and produced between 1976–97. Its design descends from the original Spotmatic series of screw-mount SLRs introduced in the 1960s.
An affordable camera for the amateur photographer, it was a fully mechanical, manual camera designed without any program modes. It survived much longer than originally intended and became the archetypal "student's camera." The K1000 was equipped with all features required for manual photography: a TTL metering system, wide-ranging shutter speeds from 1/1000 to 1 second, and the ability to use all the available K-mount lenses made by Pentax and licensees such as Ricoh and Cosina. The K1000 omitted some features found on more advanced models, such as depth-of-field preview, self-timer, and separate meter on/off switch.
Despite its great popularity and longevity of the same basic design, Pentax finally ceased production of the K1000 after more than 20 years in 1997.
|Photo by ebelbeb|
The Pentax LX was Pentax's most advanced manual focus camera, and only attempt at entering the professional segment of the 35mm SLR camera market. When introduced in 1980 it comprised from the start a series of accessories such as interchangeable viewfinders and viewfinder screens in addition to the vast range of SMC lenses.
As expected of a professional camera at the time, the LX provides mechanical shutter speeds, ranging from the flash synchronization ('X') speed of 1/75 second to 1/2000 second and bulb ('B'), permitting manual operation without battery power. The slow speeds from 1/60 second to 4 seconds, as well as the exposure meter, are battery dependent. Construction is strong and durable, with a solid cast metal frame and metal covering plates. All buttons and dials are weather and dust sealed, a unique feature not found on other professional cameras of the day.
Underneath the satin black finish is black chrome, so that even as the surface finish inevitably wore through in hard professional use, the underlying metal would not look brassy. Both the viewfinder and the focusing screen are interchangeable to suit the task at hand, a large choice of alternatives were available. The camera has a somewhat uncommon frame counter, being able to keep track of the frame number in either direction, whether advancing or rewinding the film; this feature dramatically adds to the flexibility of the camera. The camera supports mirror lock-up, multiple exposures, and depth of field preview. Both a winder and motor drive were available, and a full complement of other professional accessories.
Praktica MTL 3
|Photo by photo_foto1|
The Praktica MTL 3 is an East German SLR made by Pentacon, using the 42mm screw mount. It was produced in high numbers between 1978 and 1984. It is said to be based on the LTL 3. It's a solidly made camera with some rather crude and some advanced features.
The MTL 3 has a metal curtain shutter. This is the best part about this camera. It moves vertically and is likely to work some 25 years after its production. Speeds are B, then from 1 to 1/1000 sec. It has a separate position for use with electronic flash units; this is "about" 1/125 sec according to the camera's manual. Its metal curtains are not known to get punctured easily as do cloth shutters.
|Photo by Robin Claw|
The Rollei 35 is a 35mm miniature viewfinder camera built by Rollei. The original Rollei 35, when introduced at Photokina in 1966, was the smallest existing 135 film camera. Still today, the Rollei 35 series remain the second smallest 35 mm camera after the Minox 35. In 30 years, about 2 million Rollei 35 series cameras were manufactured.
* So, what's your favorite 35mm film camera? Which ones you want to add to the list? Feel free to tell us in the comments. Thank you!
(All information from Wikipedia and Camera-Wiki)