1. Julia Margaret Cameron (1815 – 1879)
Although Cameron is celebrated as one of the first famous photographers and a significant and influential artist of her time, she only obtained her first camera at the age of 48. This marked the beginning of her photographic career, where her portraits of famous and attractive people hinted at the birth of a celebrity culture. This just goes to show that it is never too late to start a new trade or learn a new skill!
|Cameron portrait of Julia Prinsep Jackson, later Julia Stephen, Cameron's niece, favourite subject, and mother of the author Virginia Woolf.|
2. Dorothea Lange (1895 – 1965)
An influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, one of Lange’s most famous photographs is ‘Migrant Mother’ taken in 1936. Lange documented the Depression-era for the Farm Security Administration, photography for which she is best known. She is credited for having humanised the consequences of the Great Depression and for influencing the development of documentary photography.
|Lange's 1936, Migrant Mother, Florence Owens Thompson.|
3. Lisette Model (1901-1983)
Austrian-born American photographer Model taught in photography at the New School for Social Research in New York City. Her best known pupil was Diane Arbus, who studied under her in 1957.
|Running legs, Times Square, 1940.|
4. Margaret Bourke White (1904 – 1971)
An American documentary photographer, Bourke White is most famous for being the first foreign photographer to photograph the Soviet Industry. She was the first female war correspondent and the first female photographer to have been featured in Life magazine.
|"Kentucky Flood", February 1937.|
5. Diane Arbus (1923 – 1971)
An American photographer, Arbus was most famous for her black and white square photos of ‘unusual people’ such as dwarfs, giants, transvestites, nudists, or circus performers. A notable part of her career was also spent in fashion photography. She took her own life in 1971. In the years after her death, her photography has been exhibited worldwide, and she was the first female photographer to have her work displayed at the prestigious Venice Biennale.
|Identical Twins, Roselle, New Jersey, 1967.|
6. Mary Ellen Mark (1940)
An American photographer, Mark is best known for her photojournalism, portrait and advertising photography. She has been exhibited in numerous galleries and museums worldwide and has received three Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Awards, and three fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts. She also made a name for herself for shooting production stills on movie sets, including Apocalypse Now.
|Amanda and her Cousin, Amy Valese, North Carolina, 1990.|
7. Lauren Greenfield (1966)
Lauren has been named by American Photo as one of the 25 most influential photographers working today (May/June 2003). She is most famous for photographing youth culture in her projects ‘Girl Culture’ and ‘Fast Forward’.
|Sheena tries on clothes with Amber, 15, in a department store dressing room, San Jose, California, 1999.|
8. Annie Leibovitz (1949)
One of the most famous female photographers of today, Leibovitz is an American portrait photographer most famous for photographing celebrity portraits. As well as numerous other celebrity shoots throughout her life time, she is famous for doing a photo shoot with John Lennon for Rolling Stone.
|Leibovitz's portrait of John Lennon and Yoko Ono on Rolling Stone (issue Jan. 22, 1981)|
9. Annie Griffiths
Griffiths is one of the first female photographers to have worked for National Geographic magazine. She has received awards from the National Press Photographers Association, the Associated Press, the National Organization of Women, and the White House News Photographers Association. Her photography has been exhibited worldwide.
|A man takes a moment of reflection at the top of Victoria Falls, Zambia, Feb 2008|
10. Sally Mann (1951)
American photographer Mann is perhaps most famous for Immediate Family, published in 1992, which was a collection much celebrated by the New York Times. Time magazined named her ‘America’s Best Photographer’ in 2001.
|Sally Mann | Family Pictures 1984-1991|
11. Jill Greenberg (1967)
Greenberg is most famous for her controversial ‘End Times’ series depicting children showing emotional distress. However, her photographic career has also often focused on feminist issues in society.
|Still used in "End Times"|
12. Cindy Sherman (1954)
Sherman is an American photographer who is best known for her conceptual portraits. In her photographic career, she has questioned the role and representation of women in society and in the media. Her photographs include some of the most expensive photographs ever sold.
|"Untitled" (1981) by Cindy Sherman.|
(via Digital Camera World)